JCVI-syn3A Minimal Cell
Insulin Release
HIV Vaccine
Escherichia coli Bacterium
Cellulose Synthase
Myoglobin in a Whale Muscle Cell
Collagen and Extracellular Matrix
CytoSkeleton
Transfer RNA and Gag Protein
RecA and DNA
Casein Micelle and Fat Globule in Milk
Model of a Mycoplasma Cell
Phage-based COVID-19 Vaccine
Coronavirus
Immunological Synapse
Coronavirus Life Cycle
Myelin
Respiratory Droplet
SARS-CoV-2 and Neutralizing Antibodies
SARS-CoV-2 Fusion
SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccine
Red Blood Cell Cytoskeleton
Measles Virus Proteins
Lipid Droplets
Poliovirus Neutralization
Influenza Vaccine
Excitatory and Inhibitory Synapses
Abiogenesis
Last Universal Common Ancestor
Zika Virus
Insulin Action
Ebola Virus
Autophagy
Mycoplasma mycoides
Chloroplast
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VegF) Signaling
Biosites: Basement Membrane
Biosites: Red Blood Cell
Biosites: Blood Plasma
Biosites: Cytoplasm
Biosites: Muscle
Biosites: Nucleus
Blood
HIV in Blood Plasma
Escherichia coli

Molecular Landscapes by David S. Goodsell

Chloroplast, 2011

Acknowledgement: Illustration by David S. Goodsell. doi: 10.2210/rcsb_pdb/goodsell-gallery-010

This cross section through a chloroplast shows the two-layered membrane at the top and the stacked grana below. The photosynthetic electron transport chain is embedded in the membranes of the grana:

  1. photosystem II
  2. light-harvesting complex II
  3. plastoquinone
  4. cytochrome bc1
  5. plastocyanin
  6. photosystem I
  7. ferredoxin
  8. ferredoxin reductase
  9. ATP synthase
  10. RuBisCO is found in the soluble space with the machinery to synthesize and manage the chloroplast

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