TATA-Binding Protein (TBP)

1994, 29 7/8" x 35 7/8"

Geis visualizes the TATA-box binding protein (TBP) and its associated proteins that form a preinitiation complex in all eukaryotes for transcribing DNA to messenger RNA. Acrylic painting in collaboration with Dr. Stephen K. Burley (Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Rockefeller University). Illustration copyright by Irving Geis.

Used with permission from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (www.hhmi.org). All rights reserved.

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Painting Citation

Painting published on cover of magazine: Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, September 1994, Volume 1 No. 9.

Caption Reference:

Sinden, R. R. (1994). DNA Structure and Function San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc.

About TATA-Binding Protein

Molecule of the Month: TATA-Binding Protein

Transcription, the transfer of information from DNA to RNA, is the first step of gene expression--a process used by all known life. The initiation of transcription begins with TATA-box binding protein (TBP) interacting with a TATA sequence on DNA, located around 30 bases upstream of the transcription site. The binding of TBP to DNA signals several transcription factors, ultimately forming a complex that positions RNA Polymerase (RNAP) to begin transcription.

Learn more about how TBP works by studying the different components of the complex transcriptional machinery shown.

Text References

Burley, S.K. & Roeder, R.G. (1996). Biochemistry and Structural Biology of Transcription Factor IID (TFIID). Annual Review of Biochemistry, 65, 769-799.

Goodsell, D. (2005). Molecule of the Month: TATA-Binding Protein. DOI:10.2210/rcsb_pdb/mom_2005_7